New treatments for mental illness are possible with ‘electrical neurons’
New York: A new invention has come to the fore in the interface between the human brain and the computer. These tiny electric particles are called ‘neurogreens’. These are automatic wireless sensors the size of salt that not only note the electrical activity of the brain but can also act to stimulate the brain.
There is a lot of research being done in the context of the Brain Computer Interface (BCI) to somehow correct the defects of transmitting signals to the brain externally. For this, a microchip is usually implanted inside the brain and it is used to control external devices such as computers and wheelchairs.
Although an implant can barely read the activity of a few hundred neurons, it is important to note the large number of neurons at a time, and visual particles can play an important role in this. Now each electric particle independently notes the electrical currents of the neuron and sends them wirelessly to the central system where the signals are processed.
The study, published in Nature Electronics, looked at the brain activity of mice using 50 visual cues. In this way, on the one hand, the brain can be well understood and on the other hand, it will help to understand the brain itself. In addition, it will be possible to solve the problems that arise after an injury to the haraam brain.
The neurotransmitters were designed by Professor Arto Normaiko of Brown University and his colleagues. He says that all the activities of the brain are possible due to the electrical process, but it is important to look at the whole process and not to note the activity of some nerves with a few patches. “Before, electrical brain transplants were like needle-filled pieces, but we’ve changed the condition to make it so unique and subtle that it can be spread to the cerebral cortex and the cerebral cortex,” said Dr Arto.
This work took four years, for which it was necessary to shorten the electronics. Each silicon electron particle had several sections, including controls, processing units and other components. Then the external communication system was the second biggest challenge. Which can receive and send signals from the chip. Such a visual particle can be called a cell phone tower. Interestingly, each particle chip has a different network address that consumes energy via wireless but consumes very little power.
The team implanted 48 electrical particles in the rat’s brain, which were implanted in the outer part of the brain, the cerebral cortex, and noted abnormal brain activity. Experts hope it will cure many mental illnesses in the future.