Nobel Prize in Physics for improving global warming and environmental research
STOCKHOLM: The Karolinska Institutet’s Nobel Assembly has announced the Nobel Prize in Physics. It is being given to Parizi.
Manabe and Hesselmann made important discoveries about complex systems that not only helped us better understand the Earth’s ecosystem, but also helped us make more accurate predictions of future climate change and global warming. Found
Giorgio Parizi also researched the chaos and disorder in complex systems and explained how a natural system undergoes various changes and fluctuations.
Parizi’s research is being used to predict changes in systems ranging from very short atoms to systems as large as our Earth, including climate change.
Thus we can say that the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2021 has been awarded in recognition of the most important environmental research.
It should be noted that this year the amount of Nobel Prize in each category has been set at 11 1.14 million, which is about 200 million Pakistani rupees.
Nobel Prize in Physics: Interesting historical information
From 1901 to 2020, he has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 114 times. During the First and Second World Wars, there were six years in which no Nobel Prize was awarded: 1916, 1931, 1934, and 1940 to 1942.
In those 120 years, a total of 216 people have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, of which John Berdyn was the only scientist to have won the Nobel Prize twice in the same category.
Of the 216 Nobel laureates in physics, only Marie Curie, Maria Geopert Meyer, Donna Sterkland and Andrea Gaz are the four women scientists who won the prize in 1903, 1963, 2018 and 2020, respectively.
Although John Berdyn has twice won the Nobel Prize in Physics, Marie Curie’s unique honor is that he was awarded the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics and the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
Of these, 47 Nobel Prizes in Physics were awarded to each scientist (without participation); 32 prizes jointly to two experts; Three researchers were nominated for the 35 Nobel Prizes in Physics.
According to the constitution of the Nobel Assembly, no single Nobel Prize can be awarded to more than three persons.
By 2020, the average age of Nobel laureates in physics has been about 59 years.
The youngest physicist in the field of physics was William Lawrence Bragg, who won the award at the age of just 25. He shared the 1915 Nobel Prize in Physics with his father, Sir William Henry Bragg.
The oldest scientist in the same category was Arthur Ashken, who was awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics. He was then 96 years old.
The Nobel Prize is awarded only to living people, meaning no one can be nominated for it.
In 1974, the Nobel Foundation decided to amend the constitution so that no one would be awarded the Nobel Prize posthumously. But if the person concerned dies after the announcement of the Nobel Prize, that Nobel Prize will remain in his name.
Prior to 1974, only two people were awarded the Nobel Prize posthumously, but no one has been awarded the Nobel Prize since death.
The Currie family is also called the “Noble family” because it was first co-authored by Marie Curie and her husband, Pierre Curie, with the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903 (along with Henry Becquerel). One of her daughters, Irene Juliet Currie, was also awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with her husband, Frederick Juliet. This one family won a total of 5 Nobel Prizes, since Marie Curie was also awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911.
Father and son Nobel laureates in physics: William Bragg and Lawrence Bragg were awarded the Nobel Prize together in 1915; Niels Bohr won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922, while his son Aggie Niels Bohr won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1975. Man Saigban won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1924, while his son Kai M Saigban won the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physics. The famous Sir Joseph John Thompson (JJ Thompson) won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1906 and his son George Paget Thompson in 1937 also won the Nobel Prize in this field.